Subscribe

For the latest from The Honey Pump!

Search

Terminology

A

Abstract

Works that use gestural marks, shapes, and colors to create an image which does not attempt to represent an accurate depiction of visual reality.

Abstract Expressionism

The term applied to new forms of abstract art developed by American painters in the 1940s and 1950s, characterized by gestural brush-strokes and spontaneity.

Acrylic Paint

A fast-drying paint made of pigment suspended in acrylic polymer emulsion.

Aesthetic

A particular taste or approach to the visual qualities of an object

Analogue Photography

A fancy term for film photography

Appropriation

The act of intentional copying, borrowing, and or alteration of preexisting images.

Archival Print or Fine Art Print

This refers to museum-quality reproductions. These artworks are made with an ultra-high-resolution fine-art printer, using the very finest archival inks and papers which, with proper care, will not fade or yellow over time.

Art Advisor

An expert in the visual arts market who can help collectors navigate the process of acquiring art. They may do this by introducing them to other experts, dealers, and artists or helping collectors manage their current collections by conduction research, managing databases, and managing the shipping and storage of work the client may own. Often, art advisors may be certified as an appraiser, but this isn’t a requirement, and some do not process the certification to appraise artwork.

Art Installer

A professional is trained in handling and installing artworks for a client, this may be a museum, gallery or a collector. While there are art installers who freelance, most may be hired through art services companies which can also assist in storage and transportation needs.

Art Services Company

These are companies which specialize in packing, crating, transportation, installation, and climate-controlled storage services for artwork specifically.

Artist’s Proof (AP)

The first work produced in an editioned or serialized work as a proof of concept, before creating further editions.

Avant-Garde

A French term used to describe artworks new and unusual or experimental ideas, especially in the arts, or the people introducing them

B

BA

Bachelor of Arts Degree

BFA

Bachelor of Fine Arts degree

C

Calligraphy

A style of decorative lettering or handwriting.

Canon

the list of works considered to be permanently established as being of the highest quality

Collective

A group of artists working together to achieve a common objective.

Commission

The request for a work of art, to be produced

Composition

The arrangement of the individual elements within a work of art.

Conceptual Artist

An artist who emphasizes theoretical ideas and practices rather than the creation of visual forms.

Contemporary Art

A term loosely used to refer to art of the recent past and present day, of an innovative or experimental as with the avant-garde

Contour

The outline of something or mold into a specific shape

Contrast

The degree of difference between light and dark areas in a composition.

Curator

An art expert who manages collections and organizes exhibitions.

Curatorial Practice

Relating to the intentional selection and organization of artwork for the purpose of display either at a gallery, museum, virtual space, or any other specified location

D

Dealer

A person or business that buys and sells art

Drawing

The foundation of image making. Drawings may be works on paper or other surfaces made with implements such as pencils, chalk, charcoal, pen, brushes, or digital tools. Drawings can range in complexity, lines, and gestures to highly realistic representations with complex tonality and color

E

Edition

A series of identical artworks made of the same original image or object

F

Film Still

A photograph taken during the production of a film that depicts a particular moment or scene.

Formalism

The study of the way art is made and what it looks like that is based solely on an examination of form.

Found Object

An object that an artist uses to execute their work which may be a natural or man-made object or fragment of an object, that is found, or sometimes purchased

Full Bleed

An instance of printing an illustration, design, photograph, or text to the edge of the page

G

Gesture

A term used to describe visible marks that result from bodily movement, especially the hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning

Gouache

a method of painting using opaque pigments ground in water and thickened with a glue-like substance.

H

Happening

A term first coined by Allan Kaprow in the 1950s to describe a performance, event, or situation that participants were meant to consider art, experiential art, or performance art.

I

Iconography

A subject that adheres to particular conventions of artistic representation and is filled with symbolic meaning.

Illustration

Often relating to design, illustrations are pictures or diagrams that help to make something clear or attractive. These pictures or diagrams are often meant to focus attention or add personality and character to the subject.

Installation

The creation of an enveloping aesthetic or sensory experience in a specific environment, often inviting active engagement by the spectator.

Image

Can refer to a photograph, a painting, drawing, print, any medium really. Any representative production in art.

Impasto

The process or technique of applying on paint or pigment thickly so that it stands out from a surface

L

Landscape

An image of which the primary focus is naturally occurring scenery.

Lithography

A printing process where a flat surface treated so as to repel the ink except where it is required for printing. The earliest forms of lithography used greasy ink to form an image on a piece of limestone that was then etched with acid and treated with gum-arabic. In a modern press, rollers transfer ink to a thin aluminum plate wrapped around a cylinder. In offset lithography, the image is transferred to an intermediate rubber-covered cylinder before being printed.

M

Matted

A border going around an image, often photographs or other works on paper, between the image and the frame serving as a frame on its own.

Medium

the material or form used by an artist such as oil paint, acrylic paint, photography, silk screening etc.

Medium Format Film

Traditionally this term refers to a film format in still photography and related cameras and equipment that use larger film frames which reduce grain, increase resolution, gradation, and allow for bigger enlargements. Contemporarily, the term applies to film and digital cameras that record images on media larger than 24 mm x 36 mm, but smaller than 4 x5 in.

MFA

Master of Fine Art

Minimalism

An aesthetic concentration in sculpture and painting that arose in the 1950s and used simple, typically massive, forms.

Mixed Media

Artworks composed of a combination of different media or materials.

Monochrome

A work of art rendered in only one color.

Mono-print

A single impression of an image made from a re-printable block. Materials such as metal plates, litho stones or wood blocks are used for etching upon. While this is a printmaking style, it only produces one image rather than printing multiple copies of a single image.

Multidisciplinary

Combining several artistic and academic disciplines or specializations in the approach to creating a work of art.

Mural

A painting or other work of art executed directly on a wall. These images may exist in either a public or private space.

N

Negative Space

Space around and between the subject(s) of an image. Negative space may be most evident when the space around a subject, not the subject itself, forms an interesting or artistically relevant shape, and such space occasionally is used to artistic effect as the “real” subject of an image.

O

Oil Paint

A paint in which pigment is suspended in oil, which dries slowly when exposed to air.

Open Studios

An event, typically over the course of a weekend, where a group of artists open their studios to the public for visitations by the public.

Overexposure

A term in traditional photography used to describe the process of exposing film to too much light, which results in very bright photographs. In digital photography, where there is no film, overexposure refers to a washed-out image.

P

Painting

Images made with paint, either acrylic paint, watercolors, gouache, or oil, typically on canvas or paper.

Palette

The range of colors used by a particular artist or in a particular image

Photography

The art of creating an image using a camera, in which an image is focused onto film or other light-sensitive material and then made visible and permanent by chemical treatment or stored digitally. Modern photography is based on the property of silver compounds decomposing to metallic silver when exposed to light. The light-sensitive salts are held in an emulsion (in color film, layers of emulsion) usually mounted on transparent roll film.

Pointillism

A technique of neo-impressionist painting using tiny dots of various pure colors, which become blended in the viewer’s eye. It was developed by Georges Seurat with the aim of producing a greater degree of luminosity and brilliance of color.

Pop Art

Generally, this term is used for art based on modern popular culture and the mass media, especially as a critical or ironic comment on traditional fine art values. The term is applied specifically to the works, largely from the mid-1950s and 1960s, of a group of artists including Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, and Jasper Johns, who used images from comic books, advertisements, consumer products, television, and the movies.

Print

This term refers to an image created through a reproducible process, often printed from a block or plate or copied from a painting by photography.

Printmaking

The method by which an impression is made involving transfer from one surface to another – often, but not exclusively, with a printing press, silk screens or stamps

Provenance

A record of ownership of a work of art or an antique, used as a guide to authenticity or quality:

R

Realism

Artwork painted produced by hand in a realistic almost photographic way.

S

Semiotics

The study of signs and symbols and how they are used.

Shape

The form in which an object appears.

Stippling

A term used to describe a technique of drawing, painting, and engraving where marks are made on a surface with numerous small dots or specks to achieve a gradating tone

T

Textile Design

The art of manipulating the appearance of fabrics and other materials to create unique designs.

Texture

The perceived surface quality of an artwork.

V

Visual Language

A way of communicating using images, gestural marks, and symbols.

W

Wash

A visual arts technique that creates a semi-transparent layer of color.

 

You don't have permission to register
X
%d bloggers like this: